Monday, 08 September 2014
Latest technologies in Medicine
With a turnover of about $ 250 million worldwide and an average increase of between 8-10% per year, the medical technology sector is seen as a profitable business on the rise. In this sector there are great opportunities because of the new issues in medicine, the highest demands on the quality of cosmetic services, medical and health care services, and increased life expectancy.
The number of people who crossed the threshold of 65 increases by one million each month worldwide.
Since 1995, in all industrialized countries developed health expenditures and medical equipment grow more than the gross domestic product, in 2005 grew an average of 1.5% in the EU.
Worldwide, about 25,000 manufacturers, including about 1000 publicly traded, employing over 1,000,000 people.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the medical device industry is one of the most vital and dynamic sectors of the world economy. By 2017, it is estimated that the market prospects are best in Latin America, Asia and Middle East.
Technology of the future in medicine
Two closely related to Internet technologies stand out, according to experts, between innovations that will revolutionize healthcare. New advances in genetics and biotechnology will also mark a milestone in healthcare. If the first amended requests for additional testing, consultation of medical records and sending images to be analyzed by a particular specialist, the second point improvements in therapeutic options related to tissue regeneration.
A recent article in Forbes magazine that specializes in business and finance, shows an analysis of the technological innovations that are believed to revolutionize medicine and leveraged in the future. The article highlighted as key elements, two technologies that are closely connected to the Internet. One is a computer program in order to facilitate access of physicians to all clinical information. The "Patient Keeper" allow professionals to consult on scheduled appointments, order tests, prescriptions or to track the progress of patients, so all of this online.
Another extraordinary technical innovation is a product that facilitates the exchange of information between hospitals. At this time, it is possible carry out exchanges of information between institutions. This way you can practice a CT scan at a hospital and transfer the images to another institution, where there is a specialist that can interpret. It is also possible to respond to an emergency call successfully in a community hospital while specialists will be to support the management of telematic form even if they are a medical facility in another city.
The concept of communication goes further to claim that the patient information may be available online. Platforms on which important medical data (medical records, reports of hospitalizations or the results of the scans) are available for both the patient and physician staff, and they can access - digitally identified by certification are tools very useful.
These tools not only allow access to data in an emergency, but are also a valuable method of saving for health systems, by optimizing resources (the specialist doesn’t need to repeat an exam made by the general practitioner).
Artificial organs, bionic hands, surgeons in space robots, sensors that sniff diseases, digital representations of symptoms, are just some of the innovations that technology is providing to this century medical science. What are the latest developments in artificial organs? What will the surgery in the future? What techniques provide health professionals in the years to come?
Between biotechnology and genetics
Two significant developments are related to genetics and biotechnology research fields with more weight today. This knowledge opens up a new set of therapeutic possibilities, such as the regeneration of tissue, or the genome sequencing possibilities. The Human Genome Project, designed in 1990 and ended on July 26, 2003, took 13 years to determine the relative positions of all nucleotides that make up human DNA and identify the 20,000 to 25,000 genes that comprise it.
Still, the amount of time was less than expected, since the powerful computers used in investigation accelerated it. Today, the challenge is to reduce this time and the goal is in charge of Pacific Biosciences, highlighted in the article by developing a technology to sequence and analyze the entire human genome of an individual in just a few hours
Another challenge with which modern medicine stumbles is the regeneration of damaged or defective tissues. In this regard is turning to organ transplants, but are slow and costly practice that too often are side effects of rejection by the body itself.
One of the most important challenges is to rebuild damaged organs with the addition of new tissue organs manufactured in a laboratory.
Therefore, a new approach is being looked to the problem, looking from another angle to find the solution. It is the reconstruction of a tissue or organ damaged or defective due to the incorporation of new tissue, manufactured in a laboratory from cells taken from the patient. The technology developed by Tengion has been one of the highlights by Forbes. The US company has developed in its laboratories bladders that have been implanted in patients eligible for transplant, with really positive results. Currently the company is working on the regeneration of arteries and veins as well as in the reconstruction of kidneys.
The health sciences provide wonderful surprises every day, presenting new therapeutic techniques that sometimes look like something out of a science fiction book, because reality often exceeds the unimaginable. Genetics, biotechnology, cell biology and medicine, along with chemistry, computer science and engineering will be, as experts predict, the engine power to combat the disease in the XXI century.